glui 2.3 manual
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glui 2.3 manual
By the end of this course you should be able to Here is Rademacher's documentation for You don't actually need it If nothing This directory contains demo programs keyed to Some of them are my own, and some are programs I've added a Makefile to the directory Take this with a few grains of salt; I emphasize different things each time through the course. Along with a link to this handbook you will have received a link to your very own install of our toolkit and an invitation to a free 1 hour Skype consultation to help you setup your first procedure. These are linked below. Improved: if your processes aren’t being continually updated, their days are numbered. You have to m ake sure processes are continually improved if they’re going to last long term. Interconnected: you want to avoid “boomerang” processes. A lot of the time, you write processes so you can get stuff off your plate, but as soon as the work is finished it ends up back on your desk. Your processes need to “chain together” so your business runs like a machine (then you have a truly sellable asset) 5 4. Your first procedure At the beginning of this document there is a link to a video which shows you quickly how to create your first procedure, however I would like to make some more detailed notes here about that process. 1. Figure out a highly repetitive task you have to do all the time, preferably every day. Start small, and start easy. Even if this task only takes you 30 minutes to do each day, that’s fine. This could be something like managing your calendar, making follow up sales calls, creating a todo list from items tagged in your email, sending out invoice reminders to clients who haven’t paid yet; anything. 2. Next time you do this task, write down everything you do, as you do it, into a process page in your first product (as described in the video above). Don’t worry about making it clear or concise or anything. Just dump your brain onto a page.
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I hope you find these useful.It is recommended you go there if you want the latest and greatest GLUI. It is window-system independent, relying on GLUT to handle all system-dependent issues, such as window and mouse management. Features of the GLUI User Interface Library include: If you'd like to know more about it the basics of GLUI, I recommend going there.But to save you the trouble, you can read the readme below.However, you may visitThanks, Paul, for making this very handy, quick-n-dirty UI toolkit. It has provided the interface for many little demo apps I made throughout And the rollouts rock. I justGLUI is licensed under LGPL. GLUI 2.35 ( release notes ). GLUI 2.35 includes not only the never-released changesAlain Daurat and Orion Sky Lawlor. Some new features are being merged into CVS. It is window-system independent, relyingIt therefore looks the same on. PCs, Macs, SGIs, and other Unixes, using either SGI's implementation. GLUI Library, now under the ZLIB license. John Kew, Orion Sky Lawlor and all other developers. Durat. This makes it so GLUI doesn't suck up 100% of your CPU timeThis is on byNow non-deprecated executables are up toI myself was bitten a few times passing. It is still possible to use a char buffer, but it is not recommended. If you used sprintf(mystr,.) to set the value, now doThe bindingsNow instead of calling The benefit ofPreviously GLUI had to both know about all the controls, and knowNow the responsibility for initializationNote this only works with the newThis versionThere couldI changed everywherePaul's web page says that GLUI is LGPL, but that wasn't declared inLGPL notice. I have some X-WinThese are demonstrated in example6.cpp. Reload to refresh your session. Reload to refresh your session.
Use checklists to replace supervision or approval NOT AVAILABLE IN THE FREE SAMPLE 11 9. Your company culture should aim to reduce communication and increase accountability NOT AVAILABLE IN THE FREE SAMPLE 12 10. You need to test your procedures by hiring new people as much as possible NOT AVAILABLE IN THE FREE SAMPLE 13 11. Frequently Raised Problems (FRPs) NOT AVAILABLE IN THE FREE SAMPLE 15 We are a non-profit group that run this service to share documents. We need your help to maintenance and improve this website. Below are steps to do that in cygwin's bash. Feel free to put the equivalent dos commands here as going into bash seems like a nasty hack.Copy the following lines into a file called fix.patch in the C:\openssl-0.9.8j\util\ directory:It results in an Access is Denied error when running configure below. Use WinZip or some other tool instead.).Open a vs consoleThis takes 1-2 hours.If you want to build the test applications follow the next steps:Open the Qt Snapshot command prompt.Open the Qt Snapshot command prompt.Make sure you are usingLicensed under Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 unless otherwise noted. I recommend using the pre-package version for MinGW (freeglut 2.8.0 MinGW Package) available at. Take note of the headers and libraries:This directory is in the implicit library-path. Nonetheless, we need to include these libraries in linking.This directory is in the implicit library-path. Nonetheless, we need to include these libraries in linking.It uses the following commands to build the project: The followings are used from Windows SDK:Under Windows, there are again many ways to write a OpenGL program. e.g., Win32 API directly, GLUT or FreeGLUT, SDL (Single DirectMedia Layer), Allegro, etc. Nonetheless, the solutions are also ported to all the other platforms. I strongly suggest that you follow the solution using GLUT (which greatly simplifies interaction to Windows).
If it’s a computer based task you could also just record yourself doing it with a screencast application, or use screen capture software to take pictures to make things more clear. We use Wistia for video hosting (as you can see at the start of this document, it has a handy way to link to videos but keeps them private) and we use Dropbox for linking to screenshots (on OSX we use the Glui app for taking and annotating screenshots: ) 3. Even if you already have staff, don’t start by trying to get them to do this for you. Start by going to one of the following websites, depending on where you’re located: oDesk (Global), Hire My Mum (Australia), Hire My Mom (USA). Which site you use is up to you. Generally you can find someone a little cheaper on oDesk but if you’re in the US or Australia you might like to use someone local to you (especially if this is your first time outsourcing work or the work involves access to sensitive information). 6 4. Post a job and hire someone to run through the task. Make it clear to them that this is the “first version” and that whilst you’re not expecting them to be mind readers, they should do their best to read the instructions thoroughly before asking questions. The quality of questions you get back from this person as they go through your first process will be a strong indicator of how efficient they are: if they constantly say they’re “confused” and want to jump on Skype to chat about things, get rid of them. What you’re looking for is someone who can effectively read and follow instructions, and ask intelligent questions when something isn’t clear. 5. As you answer their questions, have them update the document. They should also be able to improve the formatting of the process to make it more clear. The reason I suggest you don’t do this with your existing staff if you have them, is because it can be very disruptive and threatening. NOT AVAILABLE IN THE FREE SAMPLE 10 8.
From th e game engine's point of view, a p hysics engine is just a system for procedural animation. Most of the types def ined in th e engine begin with the b2 prefix. Hopefully t his is sufficient t o avoid name c lashing with your game engin e. 1.2 Prere quisites In this manual I'l l assume you are familiar with basic physics con cepts, suc h as mass, force, torque, and impulses. If not, please first consult Google searc h and Wikipedia. Box2D was created as part of a physics tut orial at the Game Developer Conference. You should be comfo rtable with compiling, li nkin g, and debugging. There are many resources for this o n the net. 1.3 About t his Manual This manual c overs the majority of t he Box2D API. However, not every asp ect is c overed. You are encouraged to look at the testbed inc luded with Box2D t o learn more. Also, the Box2 D code base has comments formatted for Doxygen, so it is easy to create a hyper-linked API doc ument. This manual is on ly updated with new releases. T he version in sou rce co n trol is likely t o be out of date. 1.4 Fe edback and Reportin g Bugs If you have a question o r feedback about Box2D, please leave a comment in the forum. This is also a great place for co mmunity discussion. A testbed example that reproduc es the pro blem is ideal. You can read about t he test bed later in t his document. 1.5 Core Concepts Box2D works with several fundamental c oncept s and objects. We briefly define these o bjects here and more details are gi ven later in t his document.They are hard like a diamond. box2d 2.2.1 manual, box2d 2.2.1 manual download, box2d 2.2.1 manual pdf, box2d 2.2.1 manual free, box2d 2.2.1 manual downloads. In the following discussion we use body interchangeably with rigid body.A fixture put s a shape into the collisi on syst em (broad-phase) so that it c an collide with other shapes.A 2D body has 3 degrees of freedom (two t ranslation co ordinates and one rotat ion coordinate).
Loading a module adapts your environment variables to give you access to that specific software version and its dependencies. The table below lists software and tools available on Mistral. For most of the software more than one version is installed, even if the list below only shows the latest version. Please use the 'module avail' command to query for all available versions. The table can be sorted by clicking the corresponding heading. I guess this bug only triggers for some particular installations. Best regards. I tried the. Has anyone a solution? An HTML attachment was scrubbed. The book contains information on more than 200 open-source tools which include software construction utilities for compilers, virtual-machines, database, graphics, high-performance computing, OpenGL, geometry, algebra, graph theory, GUIs and more. Special highlights for software construction utilities and application libraries are included. Each tool is covered in the context of a real like application development setting. This unique handbook presents a comprehensive discussion of advanced tools, a valuable asset used by most application developers and programmers; includes a special focus on Mathematical Open Source Software not available in most Open Source Software books, and introduces several tools (eg ACL2, CLIPS, CUDA, and COIN) which are not known outside of select groups, but are very powerful. Handbook of Open Source Tools is designed for application developers and programmers working with Open Source Tools. Advanced-level students concentrating on Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Science will find this reference a valuable asset as well. For bugs, I prefer detailed bug reports over pull requests. If the version is out of date, please create an issue or pull request on the vcpkg repository. Reload to refresh your session. Programmers can use it in t heir games to make object s move in realistic ways and make the game wor ld more interac tive.
With the bo dy definition we specify the initial position of t he ground body.The world objec t does not keep a reference to the bod y definition. Bodies are static by default. Static bod ies don't collide with ot her static bodies an d are immovable. So in this case t he ground box is 100 units wide (x-axis) and 2 0 units tall (y-axis). Box2D is tu ned for meters, kilograms, and seco nds. So you c an consider the extents to b e in meters. Box2 D generally works best when objects are the size of typical real world o bjects. Fo r example, a barr el is about 1 meter tall. Due to the limitations o f floating point arit hmetic, u sing Box2D to model the movement of glaciers or dust p ar ticles is not a good idea. We finish the ground bod y in step 4 by creating th e shape fixture. For t his step we h ave a shortcut. We do no t have a need t o alter the d efault fixture material pro perties, so we can pass the sha pe directly t o the bo dy without creat ing a fixture definition. L ater we will see how t o use a fixture definition for custo mized material properties. The seco nd parameter is the shape density in kilograms per meter squared. A stat ic body has zero mass by definition, so the density is no t used in this case. It c lone s th e data into a new b 2Shape object. Note t hat every fixture must have a parent body, even fixtures that are static. However, yo u can attach all static fixtures to a single static b ody. When you attac h a shape to a body using a fixture, the shape’ s coordinates b ecome local t o the body. So when th e body moves, so does the shape. A fixture’s w orld tra nsform is inherited fro m the p arent bo dy. A fixture does not h ave a transform independent of the body. So we don’t move a shape arou n d on th e body. Moving or modifying a sha pe that is on a body is not supported. The reason is simpl e: a body with morphing shapes is not a rigid body, but Box2D is a rigid body engine.
Many of the assumptions made in Box2D are based on t he rigid body model. If this is viol ated many t hings will break 2.3 Creat ing a Dyn amic Body So no w we have a grou nd body. We can use the same tec hni que to create a dynamic body. The main difference, besides dimensions, is that we must est ablish the dynamic body's mass p roperties. First we c reate t he body using CreateBody. By default bodies are st atic, so we sho uld set the b2BodyT ype at const ruction time to make the body dynamic. First we creat e a box shape: b2PolygonShape dynamicBox; dynamicBox.SetAsBox(1.0f, 1.0f); Next we c reate a fixtu re definition using the box. Notice t hat we set density to 1. Th e d efault density is zero. Using th e fixture definition we can no w create the fixture. This aut omatically updates the mass o f the body. Yo u can add as many fixtures as you li ke to a body. Each one contribut es to the total mass. We are now ready to begin simulating. 2.4 Simulat ing the Wo rld (of Box2D) So we have initialized the ground box and a dynamic box. Now we are ready to set Newton loose to do his thing. We just have a cou ple more issues to consider. Box2D uses a computat ional algorithm called an int egrator. Integrators simulate t he physics equat ions at disc rete points of time. This goes along with t he traditional game loop where we essent ially have a flip book of movement on t he screen. So we n eed to pick a time step fo r Box2D. You can get away with larger time steps, but you wil l have to be more c areful about setting up the def initions for your world. We also don't like the time st ep to chan ge much. A variable time step prod uces variable results, which makes it difficult to debug. So don't tie th e time step to your frame rate (un less you really, really have to). Without further ad o, here is the time step. A single c onstra int can be solved perfect ly. How ever, when we solve one co nstraint, we slightly disrupt ot her co nstraints.
If we t ake a bod y and pin it to the wall (li ke a pendulum) we h ave const rained the b ody to the wall. At t his point t he body can only rotat e about th e pin, so the constraint has removed 2 degrees of freedom.Y ou do not c reate contact constraint s; they are creat ed automatically by Box2D.Box2D supports several joint types: revolute, prismatic, distan ce, an d more. Some joints may have limits and mot ors.For example, the h uman elbow only allows a c ertain range of an gles. For example, you c an use a motor to drive the rotation of an elbow.Box2D supports the c reation of multiple worlds, but t his is usually not necessary or desirable.The Bo x2D solver is a high performance iterat ive solver t hat operates in order N time, where N is the number of const raints.Without intervention t his can lead to tunneling. Box2D contains specialized algor ithms to deal with tunneling. First, the c olli sion algorithm s can interpolate t he motion of two bodies to find t he first time of impact (T OI). Second, t here is a sub- stepping solver th at moves bo dies to t heir first time of impact and th en resolves the collision. 1.6 Mo dules Box2D is composed of three modules: Common, Colli s ion, and Dynamics. The Common module has c ode for allocat ion, math, and settings. Fina lly th e Dynamics module pro vides t he simulation world, bodies, fixtures, and joints. These t olerances have been tuned to work well with meters-kil o gram-second (MKS) units. In particu lar, Box2D has been tuned to work well with moving shapes bet ween 0.1 and 10 meters. So t his means object s between so up cans and buses in size sho uld work well. Static shapes may b e up to 50 met ers long without trouble. Being a 2D physics engine, it is tempting to use pixels as your units. Unfortunat ely this will lead to a poor simulation and possibly weird behavior. An o bject o f length 20 0 pixe ls would be seen by Box2D as the size of a 45 story bu il ding. Caution Box2D is tuned fo r MKS units.
Keep th e size of moving objects roughly between 0.1 and 1 0 meters. Yo u'll need to use so me scaling system when you render your environment and actors. T he Box2D t estbed does this by using an O penGL viewport transform. DO NOT USE PIXELS. It is best to think of Box2D bodies as moving billboards upon which you att a ch your artwork. The billboard may mo ve in a unit system of meters, but you can convert that to pixel coo rdinates with a simple scaling fac tor. You can then use those pixel coordinates t o place yo ur sprites, etc. Y ou c an also acco unt for flipped coo rdinate axes. Box2D uses radians for angles. The body rotation is stored in radians an d may grow un bounded. Consider normalizin g the angle of your bo dies if the magnitude of the angle becomes to o large (use b2Body::SetAngle). So when you create a b2Body o r a b2Joint, you need to call the factory functions o n b2World. You should never t ry to allocate these t ypes in anot her manner. Th ese definitions cont ain all the information needed to b uild the bod y or joint. By using this ap proach we can prevent const ruction errors, keep the n umber of funct ion parameters small, provide sensible defau lts, and redu ce the number of accessors. So you can creat e definitions on the stack and keep them in t emporary resourc es. T his code does not contain any graphics. All you will se e is text output in t he console of the box's po sition over t ime. This is a good example of how to get up an d running with Box2D. 2.1 Creat ing a Worl d Every Box2 D program begins with the c reation of a b2World objec t. b2World is t he physics hub that manages memory, object s, and simulation. You can allocate th e physics wor ld on t h e stack, h eap, or data sec tion. It is easy t o creat e a Box2D world. First, we define t he gravi ty vec tor.Note that we are c re ating th e world on the stack, so the world must remain in scope.For st ep 1 we creat e the ground bo dy. For this we need a body definition.
To get a good solut ion, we n eed to iterate o ver all constraint s a number of t imes. There are two phases in the constraint so lver: a velocity phase and a position p hase. In the velocity phase th e solver comput es the impulses necessary for the bod ies to move correc tly. In the posit ion phase th e solver adjusts the positions of the bodies to reduce overlap and joint detachment. Eac h phase has its o wn iteration c ount. In addition, the position phase may exit iterations early if the erro rs are small. The suggested iteration c ount f or Box2 D is 8 fo r velocity and 3 for position. Y ou can tune th is number to your liking, just keep in mind that this has a trade- of f b etween performanc e and ac curacy. Using fewer iterations inc reases performance but ac curacy suffers. Likewi s e, using more it erations decreases performance but improves t he quality of your simulation. For t his simple example, we don't need much iteration. Here are our chosen iteration c ounts. An iteration is not a sub -step. One solver iterat ion is a single pass over al l the c onstraints within a time step. You can have multiple passes over t he con straints within a single time step. We are no w ready to begin the simulation loop. In your game th e simulation loop c an be merged with your game loop. In eac h pass t hrough your game loop you call b2World:: Step. Just one call is usually enough, depending on you r frame rate and your physics t ime step. The Hello World pro gram was des igned to be simple, so it h as no graphical outp ut. The code p rints out the po sition and rotat ion of the dynamic body. Here is the simulation loop that simulates 60 time steps for a total of 1 secon d of simulated time. Your out put should look like this: T his is done to improve performance a nd make your life easier. However, you will need to nullify any body, fixture, o r joint pointers you have becau se they wil l become invalid. 2.
6 T he Testbed Onc e you have conqu ered the Hell oWorld exa mple, yo u sho uld start looking at Box2D's testb ed. The testbed is a unit-test ing framework and demo environment.I encourage you t o explore and tinker with the t estbed as you learn Bo x2D. Note: the testbed is writt en using freeglut and GLUI. The testbed is not part of th e Box2D library. The Box2D library is agnostic abou t rendering. As shown by the HelloWorld examp le, you don't need a renderer to use Box2 D. Constant s ? Allocation wrappers. The version number Typ es Box2D defines various types suc h as float 32, int8, etc.Constants Box2D defines several constan ts. These are all documented in b2Sett ings.h. Normally you do no t need to adjust these constant s. Box2D uses floating point math fo r co lli sion and simul a tion. Due t o round -off erro r some n umerical tolerances are defined. Some toleranc es are absolute and some are relative. Absolute t olerances use MKS unit s. Allocation wr appers The set tings file defines b2Alloc and b2 Free for large allocat ions. You may fo rward these calls to your own memory manage ment system. Versi on The b2 Version structure holds the curren t version so you can query this at run- time. 3.3 Me mory Man agement A large number of the dec isi ons ab out t he desig n of Box2D were based on the need for q uick and efficient use o f memory. In this sect ion I will discuss how and why Box2D allocates memory. Using the syst em heap through mall oc or new fo r small objects is inefficient and c an cause fragmentat ion. Many of these small object s may have a short life span, such as c ontacts, but c an persist for several t ime steps. So we n eed an allocat or that c an efficiently provide heap memor y for t hese objects. Box2D's solution is t o use a small object allocator (S OA) called b2 BlockAll ocat or. The SOA keeps a number of growable pools of varying sizes.
When a requ est is made for memory, t he SOA ret urns a block of memory t hat best fits the request ed size. When a b l ock is freed, it is retu rned to the pool. Bot h of these o perations are fast and cause little heap traffic. Since Box2 D uses a SOA, you should never new or malloc a body, fixture, or joint. Howev er, you do have to all ocat e a b2 World on you r own. The b2World class provides factories for you to c reate bodies, fixtures, an d joints. T his allows Box2D t o us e th e SOA a nd hide t he gory det ails from you. Never, c all delete or free on a body, fixture, o r joint. While execut ing a time step, Box2D needs some temporary workspace memory. For this, it uses a st a ck allocator called b2Stac kAll ocat or to avoid p er -step h ea p allocations. Y ou do n't need to interac t with the stack allocator, but it's good to know it's there. 3.4 Mat h Box2D includes a simple small vect or and matrix module. This has b een designed to suit the internal needs of Box2D an d th e API. All the memb ers are exposed, so you may u se them freely in your application. The mat h library is kept simple to make Box2D easy to port and maintain. T he module also c ontains a dynamic tree and broad-ph ase to acceleration co lli sion pro cessing of large systems. The c ollisi on modu le is designed to be usable o utside of t he dynamic syst em. For example, you can u se the dynamic tree for other aspect s of your game besides physics. However, the main purpose of Box2D is to provide a rigid body physics engine, so th e using the c ollisi on module by itself may fe el limited fo r some applications. Likewise, I will not make a st rong effort to document it or polish th e APIs. 4.2 Shapes Shapes desc ribe collisi on geo metry an d may be used independently of physics simulation. At a minimum, you should un derstand ho w to create shapes that can be later a ttac hed to rigi d bod ies. Box2D shapes implement the b2Shape base class.
In addition, each sha pe has a type member and a radius. The radius even applies to po lygons, as discussed below. Keep in mind t hat a shape does not know about bodies and st and apart fro m the dynamics system. Shapes are stored in a compact form t hat is optimized for size and performanc e. As such, shapes are not easily moved aro und. You have to manually set the sh ape vertex positions t o move a shape. However, when a sha pe is attac hed to a body using a fixture, the shapes move rigid ly with the ho st bod y. In summary: ? When a shape is not attac hed to a b ody, you can view it’s vertices as being expressed in world - space. ? When a shape is att ached to a body, you can view it’s vertices as being expressed in loc al coord inates. Circles are so lid. You cannot make a ho ll ow c ircle using the circle shape. Polygon s are solid and never hollow. A polygon must have 3 or more vertices. Polygons vertices are st ored with a counter cloc kwise windi ng ( CCW). We must be careful bec ause the notion of CCW is with respect to a right-handed c oordinate system with the z-axis pointing ou t of the plane. This might turn out to be cloc kwise on your screen, depending o n your coordinat e system convent ions. The po lygon members are public, but yo u should use i nitialization fu nctions t o create a polygon. The initialization fun ctions c reate no rmal v ectors and perform val idation. You can create a polygon shap e by passing in a vertex array. The b2 PolygonShape::Set function auto matically computes the convex hull and establishes the p roper winding order. This func tion is fast when t he number of vertices is low. If you increase The skin is u sed in stacking sc enarios to keep polygons slightly separated. This allows co ntinuous c ollisi on t o work against the c ore polygon. The po lygon skin helps prevent t unneling by keep ing the polygons separat ed. This results in small gaps between t he shapes.
Yo ur visual representat ion can be larger than the po lygon to hide any gaps. These are provided t o assist in making a free -form stat ic environment for your game. A major limitation of edge shapes is t hat t hey can co ll ide with c ircles and polygons b ut not with themselves. The co lli sion algorit hms used by Bo x2D require t hat at least one of two colliding shapes have volume.This can giv e rise to an unexpec ted art ifact when a polygon slides along the c hain of edges. In t he figure below we see a box co ll iding with an internal vert ex. These g host collisi ons are caused when the polygon collides with an internal vertex generating an internal collision norma l. If edge1 did no t exist t his collision would seem fine. With edge1 present, the internal c olli sion seems l ike a bug. But normally when Box2D collides two shapes, it vi ews them in isolation. Fortun ately, the edge shape pro vides a mechanism for eliminating ghost c ollisio ns by st oring the adjacent ghost vertices. Box2D uses these ghost vertices to prevent internal co lli sions. Chain Shap es The c hain shape p rovides an efficient way to connect many edges to gether to const r uct your static game worlds. You can connec t chains to gether using ghost vertices, like we did with b2 EdgeShape. It mig ht work, it mig ht not. T he code that prevent s ghost c ollisi ons assumes t here are no self-i ntersect ions of th e chain. Each edge in the chain is treated as a child shape and c an be accessed by index. Shape Po int Test You can test a point for overlap with a sha pe. You provide a t ransform for the shape and a world point. No hit wil l register if the ray starts inside the shape. A child index is inc luded for c hain shapes bec ause t he ray cast will only check a single edge at a time. If we consider circle -circle or circle-polygon, we can on ly get one c ontact point an d normal. In the c ase of po lyg on-polyg on we can get two p oints.
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For purpose of this tutorial, if your laptop can run two VM’s with 1GB of memory each, you can get started testing and the only thing you are going to pay for is coffee (assuming the coffee shop doesn’t make you pay them back for the electricity to power your laptop). This is sufficient to have a nice file share or a place to put some nightly backups. Gluster is deployed successfully on all kinds of disks, from the lowliest 5200 RPM SATA to mightiest 1.21 gigawatt SSD’s. The more performance you need, the more consideration you will want to put into how much hardware to buy, but the great thing about Gluster is that you can start small, and add on as your needs grow. In a perfect world, sure. Having the hardware be the same means less troubleshooting when the fires start popping up. But plenty of people deploy Gluster on mix and match hardware, and successfully. Sure, let me get some coffee first Here is a rundown of the steps we need to do. If you already have a test environment with two or more servers, you can skip to the Really Really Quick Start Guide Let’s start with some key concepts: It concatenates existing filesystems into one (or more) big chunks so that data being written into or read out of Gluster gets distributed across multiple hosts simultaneously. This means that you can use space from any host that you have available. Typically, XFS is recommended but it can be used with other filesystems as well. Most commonly EXT4 is used when XFS isn’t, but you can (and many, many people do) use another filesystem that suits you. Now that we understand that, we can define a few of the common terms used in Gluster. In general, this assumes the same trusted pool. If you don’t beleive me, watch what happens to the face of any senior sysadmin when you ask whether or not you REALLY need them We will use specific settings later on when we setup for Gluster.
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GlusterFS is free and open source software and can utilize common off-the-shelfWe recommend that you follow the Quick Start Guide first. ByInstall Guide. If you already have a GitHubUsers and Gluster. Developers mailing lists. After you deploy Gluster by following these steps, we recommend that you read the Gluster Admin Guide to learn how to administer Gluster and how to select a volume type that fits your needs. We want you to be successful in as short a time as possible. It incorporates automatic failover as a primary feature. All of this is accomplished without a centralized metadata server. No manual steps are required for failover. When you fix the server that failed and bring it back online, you don’t have to do anything to get the data back except wait. In the mean time, the most current copy of your data keeps getting served from the node that was still running. Don’t worry, I won’t tell your boss. No need to mess with kernels or fine tune the OS to a tee. We run on top of most unix filesystems, with XFS and ext4 being the most popular choices. We do have some recommendations for more heavily utilized arrays, but these are simple to implement and you probably have some of these configured already anyway. Gluster is enterprise ready, and commercial support is available if you need it. It is used in some of the most taxing environments like media serving, natural resource exploration, medical imaging, and even as a filesystem for Big Data. Most likely, yes. People use Gluster for all sorts of things. If you only moderate access by users, then it most likely won’t be an issue for you.I have never seen anyone spend even close to a billion, unless they got the rust proof coating on the servers. You don’t seem like the type that would get bamboozled like that, so have no fear.
For the average storage server, the performance impact of the power savings is not a reasonable trade off Enhancements in virtualization, advanced checksumming and NUMA are just a few to mention. Most manufactures show all the BIOS settings, including the defaults, right in the manual. It only takes a few minutes to download, and you don’t even have to power off the server unless you need to make changes, and more and more boards include the functionality to make changes on the fly without even powering the box off. One word of caution of course, is don’t go too crazy. Fretting over each tiny little detail and setting is usually not worth the time, and the more changes you make, the more you need to document and implement later. Try to find the happy balance between time spent managing the hardware (which ideally should be as close to zero after you setup initially) and the expected gains you get back from it. Without pointing fingers anywhere specifically, it is often true that onboard components are not as robust as add-ons. As a general rule, you can safely delegate the on-board hardware to things like management network for the NIC’s, and for installing the OS. At least twice a year you should check the manufacturers website for bulletins about your hardware. Critical performance issues are often resolved with a simple driver or firmware update, but if you don’t check, you won’t know. Of course, the steps here will work with other cloud platforms as well. For testing, you can use micro instances (I go as far as using spot instances). Debates rage on what size instance to use in production, and there is really no correct answer. As such, you shouldn’t allow open access to all ports in your security groups if you plan to put a single piece of even the least valuable information on the test instances. Don’t be the next one to end up as a breaking news flash on the latest inconsiderate company to allow their data to fall into the hands of the baddies.
If you are testing with a single disk (not recommended), make sure to carve out a free partition or two to be used by Gluster later, so that you can format or reformat at will during your testing. If you absolutely must have firewall in place, you can follow the instructions in the install and admin guides. You may be able to test with less but most users will find it too slow for their tastes. The particular virtualization product you use is a matter of choice. Platforms I have used to test on include Xen, VMware ESX and Workstation, VirtualBox, and KVM. For purpose of this article, all steps assume KVM but the concepts are expected to be simple to translate to other platforms as well. The article assumes you know the particulars of how to create a virtual machine and have installed a 64 bit linux distribution already. You can add more later to try testing some more advanced configurations, but for now let’s keep it simple. Note: If you have ample space available, consider allocating all the disk space at once. -2 NIC’s using VirtIO driver. The second NIC is not strictly required, but will be used to demonstrate setting up a seperate network for client and server traffic. Note: Attach each NIC to a seperate network. Gluster generates a UUID to “fingerprint” each system, so cloning a previously deployed system will result in errors later on. Since we are dealing with physical hardware here, keep in mind, what we are showing here is for testing purposes. For such eventualities, it can be prudent to deploy your test environment as much like you would want a production environment. The being said, here are some of the things you would want to do as to get it as close as possible from the get go. The short answer is “yes”. Although this is generally a good thing, it also means that paying attention to BIOS settings iscommonly ignored. A few things to consider: This is a great idea for servers that do not have high performance requirements.
This is faster than a “replicated” volume, but isn’t as popular since it doesn’t give you two of the most sought after features of Gluster — multiple copies of the data, and automatic failover if something goes wrong. To set up a replicated volume: Next, we tell it to make the volume a replica volume, and to keep a copy of the data on at least 2 bricks at any given time. Since we only have two bricks total, this means each server will house a copy of the data. Lastly, we specify which nodes to use, and which bricks on those nodes. This would make for an embarrassing explanation to your boss when your bulletproof, completely redundant, always on super cluster comes to a grinding halt when a single point of failure occurs. The one this to mention is the “Status”. A status of “Created” means that the volume has been created, but hasn’t yet been started, which would cause any attempt to mount the volume fail. These last steps show how to actually start using the cluster. To help you understand the concept of how Gluster works, I recommend using a different machine than your Gluster servers, but there is no reason it won’t work from the servers if you choose to do so. The one mistake that seems to get made fairly often by new users is to have the mount path be the same as the export path. There is nothing wrong with this from a purely technical standpoint, it will work. But trying to keep that straight at 2 in the morning when your pager goes off might not be as easy as you think. Keep in mind that for NFS and CIFS, Gluster does not have “automatic failover” available without configuring additional software such as CTDB or ucarp. If having failover available without any manual intervention being required, consider using the GlusterFS native client. Although it requires additional packages, they are small and easy to maintain, and for most users will be less of a hassle that setting up your own failover manually.
Typically this means EBS backed volumes or using S3 to periodically back up your data bricks. If performance issues are seen, there are several possible strategies, but keep in mind that this is the perfect place to take advantage of the scale-out capability of Gluster. If a node is shut down, it can mean absolute loss of the node (depending on how you set things up). This is well beyond the scope of this document, but is discussed in any number of AWS related forums and posts. When setting up Gluster for this tutorial, it is ok to use the internal network address. Interal IP’s in AWS can cause failures for Gluster in a few ways, however, and so should not be used. Best practices for this are beyone the scope of this article but a best practices for AWS article is in the works. For clarity, the IP or hostname you ssh into is the external address, and the 10.x.x.x address you see when you run ifconfig in the instance is the internal one.For some filesystems, though, the default inode size isn’t sufficient to hold all of that extra data at once. The end result become performance loss, which in most cases will be significant. For virtual hosts this can vary widely, depening on which platform and how you have things setup.The mount path can be just about anything you want, but here are some tips to help you avoid headaches down the line. Choose an editor of your choice (apparently vi is better than emacs. For RPM based systems, yum is used as the install method in order to satisfy external depencies such as compat-readline5 Choose a server to be the “primary” server. This is where you will generally want to run commands from for this tutorial. Keep in mind, running a Gluster specific command on one server in the cluster will execute the same command on all other servers.
Red Hat Network channels and Subscription Management repositories. Hat Gluster Storage 3.3 Installation Guide. Refer to theHat Gluster Storage 3.3 Installation Guide to upgrade to the latest version. Gluster Storage server node. Ensure that correct DNS records exist, and that the. FQDN is resolvable via both forward and reverse DNS lookup. Network channels and Subscription Management repositories. For more information on installing glusterfs-fuse,Client in the Red Hat Gluster 3.3 Storage Administration Guide. While the GlusterFS-specific information contained in a. PV definition could also be defined directly in a pod definition, doing so doesThe port value can be anyOptionally,If using a service, thenThis is how it is identified viaThey currentlyFor GlusterFS, the acceptedEach project accessing the Gluster volume needs its own endpoints. A PVC existsSELinux considerations. Understanding the basics of POSIX permissions, process. UIDs, supplemental groups, and SELinux is presumed. Security topic before implementing Gluster volumes. OKD GlusterFS plug-in mounts the volume in the container with theHowever, the container isInstead, a container’s UID and supplementalSupplemental groups in. OKD are used for shared storage, such as GlusterFS. In contrast,Supplemental groups are covered further in theTherefore, a pod can define that group ID using supplementalGroups under theFor example: This SCC has the supplementalGroups strategyHowever, ifSCCs. A custom SCC can be created to define minimum and maximum group IDs,This is because. IQN: iqn.2016-12.org.gluster-block:aafea465-9167-4880-b37c-2c36db8562eaIQN: iqn.2016-12.org.gluster-block:aafea465-9167-4880-b37c-2c36db8562ea. USERNAME: aafea465-9167-4880-b37c-2c36db8562ea. PASSWORD: 4a5c9b84-3a6d-44b4-9668-c9a6d699a5e9NAME: block-volume. VOLUME: hosting-volume. GBID: 6b60c53c-8ce0-4d8d-a42c-5b546bca3d09. SIZE: 1.0 GiBYou can skip configuring multipath, if you choose not to enable mpath.Discovery.
Update Credentials (Skip this step incase if you have not enabled auth)Login.IQN: iqn.2016-12.org.gluster-block:aafea465-9167-4880-b37c-2c36db8562ea. SIZE: 2.0 GiBRescan the multipath. Grow the filesystemOn the server nodeOne of its key goals is to provide high availability of data. Gluster is very easy to setup and use. Addition and removal of storage servers from a Gluster cluster is intuitive. These capabilities along with other data services that Gluster provides makes it a reliable software defined storage platform. However to perform a single filesystem operation various context switches are required which can often exhibit performance issues. Libgfapi is a userspace library for accessing data in Glusterfs. It exposes a filesystem like API for accessing gluster volumes. Samba, NFS-Ganesha, QEMU and now the tcmu-runner all use libgfapi to integrate with Gluster. The SCSI target subsystem enables a computer node to behave as a SCSI storage device, responding to storage requests by other SCSI initiator nodes. Up on receiving the packets at the other end it disassembles them to form the same SCSI commands, hence on the OS’es it seen as local SCSI device. LIO is the SCSI target in the Linux kernel. It is entirely kernel code, and allows exported SCSI logical units (LUNs) to be backed by regular files or block devices. As we know existing TCM targets run in the kernel. TCMU (TCM in Userspace) allows userspace programs to be written which act as iSCSI targets. These enables wider variety of backstores without kernel code. Hence the TCMU userspace-passthrough backstore allows a userspace process to handle requests to a LUN. TCMU utilizes the traditional UIO subsystem, which is designed to allow device driver development in userspace. One such passthrough is Tcmu-runner (Thanks to Andy Grover). Tcmu-runner has a glusterfs handler that can interact with the backed file in gluster volume over gluster libgfapi interface and can show it as a target (over network).
If you want to use NFS with Gluster, just make sure that you have the default NFS services disabled on the servers. To mount using NFS: If you mount the same access point from another client, you will see that the files you copied in are there. Removing files from one client will show them removed on the other client (this can appear to take some time. In most cases, however, a performance caching feature of Gluster simply needs to refresh before it sees the changes.Once you have done it a few times, you will be amazed at how fast it really can be. In most cases, if your servers are ready, the entire installation from starting to download the packages to having the client mount point copying in data is less than 5 minutes. The most common question tends to be “Well, what else do we have to do from here to set up Gluster?”. Feel free to be smug when you say “Nothing.” Please see the additional resources below to help you get the most out of your Gluster experience. Contribute! Across the world various nations, states and localities have put together sets of guidelines around shelter-in-place and quarantine. We request our community members to stay safe, to care for their loved ones, to continue to be. With the enterprise architecture taking large strides towards cloud and more specifically, the hybrid cloud, continued efforts towards. Try Solution Engine —our new support tool. If your company has an existing Red Hat account, your organization administrator can grant you access. Update to a supported browser for the best experience. Read the announcement.Code surrounded in tildes is easier to read. Hostname: gluster0.example.com. Uuid: a3fae496-c4eb-4b20-9ed2-7840230407be. State: Peer in Cluster (Connected)Gluster process TCP Port RDMA Port Online PidType: Replicate. Volume ID: a1e03075-a223-43ab-a0f6-612585940b0c. Status: Started. Snapshot Count: 0. Transport-type: tcp. Bricks. Options Reconfigured:Hostname: gluster0.example.com.
Uuid: cb00a2fc-2384-41ac-b2a8-e7a1793bb5a9. State: Peer in Cluster (Connected)Data Written: 0 bytes. Interval 0 Stats:Data Written: 0 bytesGluster process TCP Port RDMA Port Online PidWe'd like to help. Gluster Console Manager (command line utility) Console Manager is a command line utility for elastic volumeTo create a volume withCommands volume add-brick Commands peer probe Commands volume quota enable To kick start thisThis will disable enforcement and accounting in theIf soft limit percentage is notIf soft limit percentage is notNote that if anyNote that if anyIf a path is given only theIf a path is given onlyIf no path is given, usage and limits are displayed for allCommands Note: password-less ssh, from the master node (whereSSH port is configured in slave nodes. Use no-verify if theUse push-pem to push theCommands GlusterFS volume. User can provide a snap-name and aSnap will be created byUser can override this behaviour. The descriptionTo be able to take aSnapshot restore is anTo be able to take a clone,If volname is specified thenIf volname is specifiedPID of the bricks, data percentage filled for thatIf volname is provided, then theIf volname is provided then configThe lowest limitIf you enable activate-on-create,Commands volume heal. Storage bricks can be made ofRAID and Infiniband HBA. On client side, it hasThis option overrides --volfile option. MOUNT-POINT (the default is top most volume inSECONDS for inodes in fuse kernel module (the default isOptions -?, --help. There are two deploymentThis topic focuses mainly on the theContainerized. Red Hat Gluster Storage converged with OKD addresses the use caseOKD cluster. This effects the build time for an applicationIn the latestHowever, the timeCNS deletion behavior serves asCNS pods. The applications accessStorage cluster that are enabled by Heketi. SeeThe remaining sections in thisStorage solution. Hat Gluster Storage and OKD. Gluster Storage Server.
TargetCli with its shell interface is used to configure LIO. CentOS. Note: Please download and install vagrant package for CentOS from:Now install vagrant libvirt plugin. Make sure you are in gluster-block root directoryTo ssh and get access to a VM. To stop the VMs. To destroy the VMs. Check more commands withReload to refresh your session. Reload to refresh your session. It has found applications including cloud computing, streaming media services, and content delivery networks. GlusterFS was developed originally by Gluster, Inc.Red Hat Gluster Storage is a GlusterFS-based Red Hat Storage Server.GlusterFS is free and open source software and can utilize common off-the-shelf hardware. Gluster is a software defined distributed storage that can scale to several petabytes. It provides interfaces for object, block and file storage. Read more Gluster file system supports different types of volumes based on the requirements. Some volumes are good for scaling storage size, some for improving performance and some for both. 1. Distributed Glusterfs Volume 2. Replicated Glusterfs Volume 3. Distributed Replicated Glusterfs Volume ?4. Striped Glusterfs Volume 5. Distributed Striped Glusterfs Volume This was a decision made by the GlusterFS developers initially as getting the modules into linux kernel is a very long and difficult process. For a long time, implementation of a userspace filesystem was considered impossible. FUSE was developed as a solution for this. FUSE is a kernel module that support interaction between kernel VFS and non-privileged user applications and it has an API that can be accessed from userspace. Using this API, any type of filesystem can be written using almost any language you prefer as there are many bindings between FUSE and other languages. Read more. We stand in solidarity with the Black community. Racism is unacceptable. It conflicts with the core values of the Kubernetes project and our community does not tolerate it.
FamiliarityThe name of a StorageClass object is significant, and is how users canAdministrators set the name and other parametersAdministrators can specify a default StorageClass just for PVCs that don'tThis field must be specified. Volume Plugin Internal Provisioner Config Example AWSElasticBlockStore. AWS EBS AzureFile ? Azure File AzureDisk. Azure Disk CephFS - - Cinder. OpenStack Cinder FC - - FlexVolume - - Flocker ? - GCEPersistentDisk. GCE PD Glusterfs ? Glusterfs iSCSI - - Quobyte. Quobyte NFS - - RBD. Ceph RBD VsphereVolume.Portworx Volume ScaleIO.You can also run and specify external provisioners,Authors of external provisioners have full discretionThe repositoryFor example, NFS doesn't provide an internal provisioner, but an externalThere are also cases when 3rd party storageReclaim Policy PersistentVolumes that are dynamically created by a StorageClass will have theIf no reclaimPolicy is specified when a. StorageClass object is created, it will default to Delete. PersistentVolumes that are created manually and managed via a StorageClass will haveThis feature when set to true,The following types of volumes support volume expansion, when the underlying. StorageClass has the field allowVolumeExpansion set to true. Table of Volume types and the version of Kubernetes they require Volume type Required Kubernetes version gcePersistentDisk 1.11 awsElasticBlockStore 1.11 Cinder 1.11 glusterfs 1.11 rbd 1.11 Azure File 1.11 Azure Disk 1.11 Portworx 1.11 FlexVolume 1.13 CSI 1.14 (alpha), 1.16 (beta) Note: You can only use the volume expansion feature to grow a Volume, not to shrink it.
Mount Options PersistentVolumes that are dynamically created by a StorageClass will have theIf the volume plugin does not support mount options but mount options areMount options are not validated on eitherVolume Binding Mode The volumeBindingMode field controls when volume binding and dynamicBy default, the Immediate mode indicates that volume binding and dynamicFor storageA cluster administrator can address this issue by specifying the WaitForFirstConsumer mode whichPersistentVolumes will be selected or provisioned conforming to the topology that isThese include, but are not limited to, resourceAllowed Topologies When a cluster operator specifies the WaitForFirstConsumer volume binding mode, it is no longer necessaryThis example demonstrates how to restrict the topology of provisioned volumes to specificWhen a parameter is omitted, some default isThe total length of the parameters object including its keys and values cannotIf neither zone nor zones is specified, volumes areIf neither zone nor zones A string is expected here. The full Amazon Resource Name of the key to use whenIf none is supplied but encrypted is true, a key isNote: zone and zones parameters are deprecated and replaced withDefault: pd-standard zone (Deprecated): GCE zone. If neither zone nor zones is specified, volumes areIf neither zone nor zones Default: ext4. The defined filesystem type must be supported by the host operating system.Default: none. If replication-type is set to none, a regular (zonal) PD will be provisioned. If replication-type is set to regional-pd, aRegional Persistent Disk is provisioned with two zones. One zone is the sameThe other zone is randomly pickedDisk zones can be further constrainedNote: zone and zones parameters are deprecated and replaced withIf Heketi service isThis parameter is deprecated in favorThe provided secret must haveIt can also be aStorageClass. A unique value (GID) in this range ( gidMin-gidMax ) will beThese are optional values.
If notFor example: Replica volume: volumetype: replicate:3 where '3' is replica count. Distribute volume: volumetype: none For available volume types and administration options, refer to theFor further reference information, seeWhen persistent volumes are dynamically provisioned, the Gluster pluginIf not specified, volumes are generallyPlease use the external cloud provider for OpenStack. For more information on the CSI provisioner, see Kubernetes vSphere CSI Driver and vSphereVolume CSI migration. CSI Provisioner The vSphere CSI StorageClass provisioner works with Tanzu Kubernetes clusters. For an example, refer to the vSphere CSI repository.Create a StorageClass with a user specified disk format.The volume will be created on the datastore specified in the StorageClass,This field is optional. If theProvider. Storage Policy Management inside kubernetes Using existing vCenter SPBM policy One of the most important features of vSphere for Storage Management isStorage Policy Based Management (SPBM) is aSPBM enablesVirtual SAN policy support inside Kubernetes Vsphere Infrastructure (VI) Admins will have the ability to specify custom. Virtual SAN Storage Capabilities during dynamic volume provisioning. YouThe storage capability requirements are converted into a Virtual SANThe virtual disk isYou can see Storage Policy Based Management for dynamic provisioning of volumes This parameter is required.This parameter is required.Default is theThis parameter is required.Currently supported features are layering only.You can specify theThe provided secretThis Quobyte tenant has to be already present in Quobyte.Default is empty. location: Azure storage account location. Default is empty. storageAccount: Azure storage account name. If a storage account is provided,Default is empty. kind: Possible values are shared (default), dedicated, and managed. When kind is shared, all unmanaged disks are created in a few sharedWhen kind isWhen kind isIt must be an existing resource group name.
If it is unspecified, the disk will beManaged VM can only attach managed disks and unmanaged VM can only attachDefault is empty. location: Azure storage account location. Default is empty. If a storageAccount Name and Key. Default is the same as the Pod.Key. Default is azure-storage-account- -secret readOnly: a flag indicating whether the storage will be mounted as read only. This setting will impact theDuring storage provisioning, a secret named by secretName is created for theIf the cluster has enabled bothIn a multi-tenancy context, it is strongly recommended to set the value forSnapshots are incremental based on difference with the prior snapshot, 0A string is expected here i.e.A string is expected here i.e.All volume descriptions will be the same for the storage class, but differentDefaults to Kubernetes volume.Note that user-defined rulesDefaults to ext4. adminSecretNamespace: The namespace where the API configuration secret isAPI credentials. If not specified, default values will be attempted. The StorageOS Kubernetes volume plugin can use a Secret object to specify anThis is only required whenSecrets used byDelaying volume binding allows the scheduler to consider all of a Pod'sPersistentVolumeClaim. Feedback Was this page helpful? Yes If you have a specific, answerable question about how to use Kubernetes, ask it onOpen an issue in the GitHub repo if you want toLast modified September 17, 2020 at 11:13 AM PST: Added direct link (82c612be2) Edit this page All rights reserved. The Linux Foundation has registered trademarks and uses trademarks. For a list of trademarks of The Linux Foundation, please see our Trademark Usage page ICP license: ?ICP?17074266?-3. Non-root users must have sudo permissions on the nodes. Default is 'root'. This is a required argument.Cluster id: 88ed1913182f880ab5eb22ca2f904615. Nodes:Volumes:Block: true. File: true. Clusters. Cluster id: 5c94db92049afc5ec53455d88f55f6bb.
glue binding machine user manual
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glue binding machine user manual
Unique eccentric locking up system,make the inside pages clamping firmer,no need additional adjustment. Packing list: 1. Binding machine x 1 2. Power cord x1 3. Adhesive can cap x 1 4. Gliding handle of the adhesive can x1 5. Service manual x1 6. Adhesive bag x1 7. Fuse x2 8. Inner hexagon spanner x2 9.1 lb hot glue pellets Fast FedEx express delivery,3-5 days around.3 years warranty guaranteed!Lamination Depot Videos for related products 2:03 Click to play video How to use TruBind's Manual Coil Binding Machine - TB-S20 - 3 Easy Steps. Lamination Depot Videos for related products 2:31 Click to play video How to use TruBind's Electric Coil-Binding Machine - TB-S20AP - 3 Easy Steps. See full review Lamination Depot Onsite Associates Program Amazon Influencer To calculate the overall star rating and percentage breakdown by star, we don’t use a simple average. Instead, our system considers things like how recent a review is and if the reviewer bought the item on Amazon. It also analyzes reviews to verify trustworthiness. Lo bueno es que hace su funcion y cuesta barata frente a sus competidores que vale mas de 7500 pesos, igual me llego con medio kilo de goma, si tienes dinero ve directamente por una de 20 mil pesos de marca para no pasar estas malas experiencias. Su embalaje fue malo, llego toda deshecha la caja lo bueno es que no la golpearon, tuve suerte. Please try again.Please try again.In order to navigate out of this carousel please use your heading shortcut key to navigate to the next or previous heading. Register a free business account Please try your search again later.In the past, perfect binding had many limitations, the equipment was complicated, you needed special operational skills, and training was extensive. Due to these restrictions only large binderies and publishers producing long book runs used perfect binding. Now Manual perfect binding Machine make book binding affordable and practical.
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It can indicate the temperature set for the adhesive pot beforehand when the temperature is reached. We warmly and sincerely welcome any potential customer to visit our factory any time. If you prefer other reliable shipping Please leave a message to us. If you have any problem with it, please leave a message to us. Updated daily.Updated daily.There are 565 suppliers who sells manual book of glue binding machine on Alibaba.com, mainly located in Asia. The top countries of supplier is Russian Federation, from which the percentage of manual book of glue binding machine supply is 1% respectively. The relay Thermal Tube Replace thermal Indicate:ER-01. Operate parts. Certain space should be kept to 3. P r e s s p a d d l e d o w n t o “ ” 6. Push paddle to “ ” position, rotate against the paper and rotate the handle position, so that a crease can be made the platform upwards and make sure the up, locking the paper in as the picture. Push the paper pressurer down 11. Press the handle down, draw the against the paper and rotate the handle paper pressurer open, and take out the up, turn the book to back face and put in made-book. Push the paddle to “ ” position, rotate the platform upwards.Loose the adjusting bolt on blade, move the blade, move the blade to suitable place, then tighten the blade to suitable place, then tighten the bolt. Our payment security system encrypts your information during transmission. We don’t share your credit card details with third-party sellers, and we don’t sell your information to others. Please try again.Please try again.In order to navigate out of this carousel please use your heading shortcut key to navigate to the next or previous heading. In order to navigate out of this carousel please use your heading shortcut key to navigate to the next or previous heading. Register a free business account Please try your search again later.Designed for small business and quiet easy to operate by single-person, no special training is required.
Q2: Can you custom voltage. Yes,we can do 220V 50HZ,220V 60HZ,110V 60HZ for all the machine. And 380V 50HZ for hydraulic cutter. Q3:What's your package. Export non-fumigation wodden case Q4:How do you ship the finished products. By Sea By Plane By courier, TNT, DHL, Fedex, UPS Etc Q5:What's the delivery time. Within 15 days after get the payment Our service 1. Reply in 12 hours. 2. 13 months warranty. 2. Provide free normal spare parts once machine has probem during the warranty 3. Solve customer's machine problem within 24 hours from the time problem raised. 5. Provide free technical support and spare parts Oversize all-aluinum alloy glue tank Fold-able book table The machine equiped with side gluing system. Vertical-lift function fo cover, fast speed and nice effec Independent heater system,fast and stable heating Factory Exhibition Office Shipment FAQ Q1: Are you a manufacturer ? Yes.We are a professional manufacture of paper cutter and glue binder for 20 years. Q2: Can you custom voltage. Yes,we can do 220V 50HZ,220V 60HZ,110V 60HZ for all the machine. And 380V 50HZ for hydraulic cutter. Q3:What's your package. Export non-fumigation wodden case Q4:How do you ship the finished products. By Sea By Plane By courier, TNT, DHL, Fedex, UPS Etc Q5:What's the delivery time. Within 15 days after get the payment Our service 1. Reply in 12 hours. 2. 13 months warranty. 2. Provide free normal spare parts once machine has probem during the warranty 3. Solve customer's machine problem within 24 hours from the time problem raised. 5. Provide free technical support and spare parts. You can adjust your Cookie Preferences at the bottom of this page. Push the Sliding Table(1)to left to its initial position. Precautions and Tips 1, Never touch the heating glue pot (5) in order to avoid scald. 2, Set the temperature at 135?-155?. After heating for 10 minutes, please turn the Hand Wheel B (7)slowly and ciockwise to speed up the melting of glue.
It is very economical and practical to use it to bind documents, sample books, bid documents etc. Up-glue pot, fan gluing are adopted, so grooving is not needed. You can have greater control over your product packaging, image and profitability. This perfect binding machine quickly produces books with hard or soft covers, tapes,etc. The end result is a strong, square and affordable perfect bound document. When using punching and binding machines the book collected for binding has to be first re-divided into bundles of maximum 10 to 15 sheets as the capacity of the punching stroke is a limiting factor. As an example a book of 150 sheets needs usually at least ten punching strokes. When punching the sheets you have to be very careful as any mistake in positioning the holes in any direction forms an obstacle for the binding element. Re-dividing the sheets into bundles for punching, careful punching and re-collating them in the right order to be bound, means unnecessary work and lost time.Lamination Depot Videos for related products 2:03 Click to play video How to use TruBind's Manual Coil Binding Machine - TB-S20 - 3 Easy Steps. Lamination Depot Videos for related products 2:31 Click to play video How to use TruBind's Electric Coil-Binding Machine - TB-S20AP - 3 Easy Steps. See full review Lamination Depot Onsite Associates Program Amazon Influencer To calculate the overall star rating and percentage breakdown by star, we don’t use a simple average. Instead, our system considers things like how recent a review is and if the reviewer bought the item on Amazon. It also analyzes reviews to verify trustworthiness. Oversize all-aluinum alloy glue tank Fold-able book table The machine equiped with side gluing system. Vertical-lift function fo cover, fast speed and nice effec Independent heater system,fast and stable heating Factory Exhibition Office Shipment FAQ Q1: Are you a manufacturer ? Yes.We are a professional manufacture of paper cutter and glue binder for 20 years.
There is side-adhesive for firm binding, and pages don't get loose Double heater can heat the adhesive fast and equally, thus avoiding the aging and carbonizing of adhesive Package Included 1 X Hot Glue Book Binder 1 X Glue Applicator Handle 1 X Glue Can Cap 1 X Push Board Free Melt Hot Glue Pellets In order to navigate out of this carousel, please use your heading shortcut key to navigate to the next or previous heading. To calculate the overall star rating and percentage breakdown by star, we don’t use a simple average. Instead, our system considers things like how recent a review is and if the reviewer bought the item on Amazon. It also analyzes reviews to verify trustworthiness. It’s very heavy. After unpacking I turned it on and voila, I made a soft cover book. Then another! I can’t lie, I watched a lot of videos before I got it. The instructions are poorly translated, but there are plenty of YouTubes that help. I recommend this hot glue binder highly.The only problem, as stated, was getting to that point.In fact the manual is awful. But after watching a few videos on-line it made the process very easy to assemble the machine and make a book. It does take some practice though and happy with the end result. The Cover stock is glued to the book spine and clamped for a neat, square-spined finish. The book spine is notched with a roughening cutter for excellent glue penetration and a real strong bind to ensure a perfect finish. The Horizon BQ150 has a unique, powerful nipping mechanism that produces a sharp, professional book spine with every document bound. The maximum operator speed for this machine is approximately 200 cycles per house for perfect binding and 120 cycles per hour for padding. The Horizon BQ150’S warm up; time is approximately 20 minutes making it an ideal solution for short run digital perfect binding. A particular advantage of the Horizon BQ-150 is its ability to bind A4 Landscape books. Most larger binders do not have this capability.
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A:We are factory at Fuyang, Hangzhou,any time welcome visit us. 2. Q:Where is your factory located. How can I visit there. All our clients, from home or abroad, are warmly welcome to visit us! 3. Q:What's the material of your products. A:The roller is Germany, Steel and Silicon (Import) to make it. 4. Q:How can i get some samples. A:We are honored to offer you sample to test it, around 4-5days arrived your hand after receive payment. 5. Q:What's the terms of payment. A:Quality is priority. Our factory always attach great importance to quality controlling from the verybeginning to the very end. Our factory has gained CQC, ISO, SGS,FSC authentication Our Services If you have any questions,pls feel free to contact me, We will give you the best service. Thanks for your attention on SIGO. If you want NextDay, we can save the other items for later. Order by, and we can deliver your NextDay items by. You won’t get NextDay delivery on this order because your cart contains item(s) that aren’t “NextDay eligible”. In your cart, save the other item(s) for later in order to get NextDay delivery. Oops! There was a problem with saving your item(s) for later. You can go to cart and save for later there.Learn more Designed for small business and quiet easy to operate by single-person, no special training is required. Edition thickness: 0.1mm to 40mm thickness. Manufacturers,With little glue to bind thick pages, firm and productivity. Designed for small business and quiet easy to operate by single-person, no special training is required. Edition thickness: 0.1mm to 40mm thickness. Package Content 1 ? Hot Glue Book Binder 1. Glue Applicator Handle 1. Glue Can Cap 1 ? Push Board Free Melt Hot Glue Pellets 100% Quality Stainless Steel make the machine longer life time The pressure can be adjusted according to the book cover thickness Suitable for small print and copy store, binding business and offices Specifications Assembled Product Weight 81.
42 lb Brand VEVOR Assembled Product Dimensions (L x W x H) 29.92 x 18.50 x 19.69 Inches Customer Reviews Write a review Be the first to review this item. Ask a question Ask a question If you would like to share feedback with us about pricing, delivery or other customer service issues, please contact customer service directly. The addition of a Walmart Protection Plan adds extra protection from the date of purchase. Walmart Protection Plans cover the total cost of repair, or replacement, for products, as well as covering delivery charges for the exchange. You can view your Walmart Protection Plan after your purchase in the Walmart Protection Plan Hub. Product warranty: See details Warranty Information: manufacturer warranty Already purchased your product. A Walmart Protection Plan can be added within 30 days of purchase. Click here to add a Plan.All Rights Reserved. To ensure we are able to help you as best we can, please include your reference number: Feedback Thank you for signing up. You will receive an email shortly at: Here at Walmart.com, we are committed to protecting your privacy. Your email address will never be sold or distributed to a third party for any reason. If you need immediate assistance, please contact Customer Care. Thank you Your feedback helps us make Walmart shopping better for millions of customers. OK Thank you! Your feedback helps us make Walmart shopping better for millions of customers. Sorry. We’re having technical issues, but we’ll be back in a flash. Done. Please try again.In order to navigate out of this carousel, please use your heading shortcut key to navigate to the next or previous heading. Please try your search again later.You can edit your question or post anyway.Designed for small business and quiet easy to operate by single-person, no special training is required.
Manual binding machine If you only have a few pages to secure and you don’t normally need to bind 30 or more sheets at a time, you may opt for a manual binding machine. A manual binding machine works with a pull lever and punch to thread comb through your pages. Electric binding machine When you need to perform a large volume of binding, an electric binding machine will be a big help. Just like a manual binding machine, an electric binding machine will punch holes to thread a coil through your papers. Unlike a manual machine, the electric machine can perform this action on its own without you having to pull a lever. Electric binding machines can bind up to 500 sheets of paper and apply a comb that will hold them together safely and securely. Thermal binding machine A thermal binding machine does not punch holes in your paper the same way a manual binding machine or an electric binding machine will. A thermal binding machine requires a binding cover, and it will heat up solid thermal glue to fasten pages together within the binding cover. Once the glue has cooled, your binding is complete. One of the reasons why people love thermal binding machines is because you can add or remove pages after the book has been bound. To add and remove pages, you simply reheat the glue. With a high capacity thermal binding machine, you can bind more than one book at a time. Some machines will bind up to 300 pages at a time and work as quickly as 30 seconds to one minute per document. Whether you’re binding a book, work presentation, or simply want to organize paperwork in your home office, a binding machine will take your documents and secure them quickly and easily. Take a look at all binding machines available on Best Buy right now. Secure your paperwork with a binding machine When you want to secure a stack of papers together in a professional way, a binding machine is just the piece of office equipment you need.
Used in both schools and offices, binding machines are available in manual and electric options. What is a binding machine used for. Whether you’ve just compiled a large presentation, you wrote a book, or you need to compile a user manual, a binding machine will secure your pages together quickly and easily. Binding machines may use coil, comb, wire, or glue to bind your documents. Manual binding machine If you only have a few pages to secure and you don’t normally need to bind 30 or more sheets at a time, you may opt for a manual binding machine. A manual binding machine works with a pull lever and punch to thread comb through your pages. Electric binding machine When you need to perform a large volume of binding, an electric binding machine will be a big help. Just like a manual binding machine, an electric binding machine will punch holes to thread a coil through your papers. Unlike a manual machine, the electric machine can perform this action on its own without you having to pull a lever. Electric binding machines can bind up to 500 sheets of paper and apply a comb that will hold them together safely and securely. Thermal binding machine A thermal binding machine does not punch holes in your paper the same way a manual binding machine or an electric binding machine will. A thermal binding machine requires a binding cover, and it will heat up solid thermal glue to fasten pages together within the binding cover. Once the glue has cooled, your binding is complete. One of the reasons why people love thermal binding machines is because you can add or remove pages after the book has been bound. To add and remove pages, you simply reheat the glue. With a high capacity thermal binding machine, you can bind more than one book at a time. Some machines will bind up to 300 pages at a time and work as quickly as 30 seconds to one minute per document.
Whether you’re binding a book, work presentation, or simply want to organize paperwork in your home office, a binding machine will take your documents and secure them quickly and easily. Take a look at all binding machines available on Best Buy right now. Please enter a valid email address. Before the book is made, it is necessary to press the cover strips (can be completed with a creasing machine). To determine the binding position of the cover and the inner page, then put the manual glue machine on the device, clamp, flip the handle, and let the back part of the book up, in order to make the plastic cup and the back of the book fully contact, so the book back up, push in the plastic pot During the brushing process (fan-shaped glue), give a gentle pressure on the back of the book, so that each piece of paper is glued, so that the book that is glued out is firmer, firmer, not loose, and does not drop pages. Manual operation gluing Manual cutting and manual binding Operation on desk-top Machine dimension: 690x380x500 Machine weight: 29kg Maximum: Thickness 34mm Punching up to 30 sheets Max.thickness 50mm Thickness 34mm Punching up to 30 sheets Max.thickness 50mm DESK-TOP PERFECT BINDER, AND OPERATION SIMPLE. In order to shape the book pressure, the back of the book is smooth and smooth, and the pressure of the pressure should be controlled. If the pressure is large, the back of the book will have wrinkles. If the strength is small, the back of the book is not The edges and corners are not beautiful, so the strength should be appropriate. During the operation, try to master. Here, the hot melt adhesive used in the general binding machine is instantaneously solidified, so the glue is glued, the handle is turned, the book is pressed, and the action is coherent, so that the viscosity of the glue can be ensured to achieve the best effect, and the book is bound even more. firm. After the book is glued, cut it with a thick layer of paper cutter and cut it neatly.
Please update your browser. We suggest using Google Chrome or Mozilla Firefox.With little glue to bind thick pages, firm and productivity. Designed for small business and quiet easy to operate by single-person, no special training is required. If export to foreign contrunty, the wooden box will be fumigated.If container is too tigher,we will use pe film for packing or pack it according to customers special request. Our Company Hangzhou Boray Industry CO., LTD was founded in 2003. Our company is a synthetical enterprise occupying more than ten thousand square meters of factory building. We own import and export right. In addition, we also deal with office consumption, such as cover paper of binding,clamp bars, plastic and rubber rings, and iron rings. Our products have won high reputation among customer at home and abroad for the reliable performance and novel design. Welcome to visit our company and cooperate with us. Register now and save 77% discount. Register now and save 77% discount. Perhaps you have written in the link incorrectly or have clicked on an old link. Designated trademarks belong to their respective holders. Machineseeker Group GmbH does not accept any liability for the content of linked websites. Transform your workspace with vibrant pops of your favourite colour to truly re?ect your personality. Leitz Ergo WOW creates a ergonomic desk setup and energises your life at work and beyond. Brushed metal finish, distinktive colours create a personalised feel in your office. Stylishly designed and outstandingly functional. Business class in every detail. Whatever the task, make sure it’s a job well done. Discover flexible configurations with sturdy Leitz Plus letter trays and drawers. In addition, also try out the mediaserver. Long lasting and durable fixation with metal channel pressing system. Pages can be exchanged if needed.
glucose tolerance test manual
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glucose tolerance test manual
A fasting sample is taken either by phlebotomy or intravenous access to establish a baseline glucose level. Then, the patient will drink the glucose (comes in 2 formulas, either 75 grams or 100 grams). Samples are then taken at various timepoints ending at either 60 or 120 minutes post consumption of glucose. Throughout the test, patients should remain inactive, and excess hydration with water should be discouraged as these can impact the results of the test. There are several ways one can order or perform a glucose tolerance test. The first is the standard one-step glucose tolerance test, where a baseline sample is drawn, and a 60-minute sample is drawn. This is typically a non-fasting test, done in pregnant women around 24 to 28 weeks gestation to screen for gestational diabetes mellitus. If the test indicates impaired or abnormal glucose tolerance, then a 2- or 3-hour glucose tolerance test is ordered. Another way to complete a glucose tolerance test is to collect a baseline sample in a fasting patient, and then collect a sample at 120 minutes after the consumption of glucola. This test can be used to confirm the diagnosis of diabetes if the blood glucose at the baseline or 120-minute time point is abnormal. A glucose tolerance test can also be completed with multiple samples taken at baseline, 30 minutes, 60 minutes, 90 minutes, and 120 minutes. This allows for review of impaired tolerance and practitioners will be able to determine if there is a delayed reaction in the excretion of insulin from the pancreas, or delayed absorption of glucose in the liver. Specimen Requirements and Procedure Specimens collected are typically insulin samples but, glucose samples and c-peptide samples can be ordered as well. Specimens should be processed in a centrifuge so that serum is separated from the platelets. Serum is then aliquotted into a transport tube, and the platelets can be discarded.
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Call your physician if you think you have the coronavirus or call 877-9NOVANT if you don’t have one.This test does not diagnose Diabetes, rather is an indicator to perform further testing if the initial one hour test is high. The ice will water down the test, resulting in false results. This is to ensure that your test is drawn at the proper time. Delay in drawing your blood for the Glucose Tolerance Test can negatively affect the results and you will have to repeat the test again. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2020 Jan-. Show details Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2020 Jan-. Search term Introduction A glucose tolerance test is used to determine a person's ability to handle a glucose load. The test can show whether a person can metabolize a standardized measured amount of glucose. The results can be classified as normal, impaired, or abnormal. A glucose tolerance test may be used to diagnose type 1 diabetes mellitus, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and gestational diabetes mellitus. In type 1 diabetes mellitus, antibodies are triggered in an auto-immune reaction, leading to the destruction of the beta cells in the pancreas. The pancreas consequently fails to produce adequate amounts of insulin to bind to the glucose. Since there is little available insulin, the blood sugar increases. In type 2 diabetes mellitus, the cells in the liver become insulin-resistant, causing reduced absorption of glucose in the bloodstream. Often the pancreas overproduces insulin in response to the increased amount of glucose in the bloodstream, but with the liver's inability to absorb the glucose, the result is hyperglycemia. Gestational diabetes mellitus is also a disease of insulin resistance. Signs of gestational diabetes usually appear around the second trimester of pregnancy, and frequently gestational diabetes will resolve upon completion of the pregnancy. On the day of the test typically a patient must arrive in a fasting state.
There must be clear communication on order from the provider on the type of test, the length of time, and the number of samples ordered. The personnel administering the test should be aware of the requirements of the test including the fasting requirement and the pre-test dietary carbohydrate requirement. It is important to collaborate with laboratory personnel to ensure timely processing of the specimens, as well as proper storage and shipping (if necessary). Laboratory personnel should work closely with providers to provide accurate results quickly. Questions To access free multiple choice questions on this topic, click here. References 1. Wei YM, Liu XY, Shou C, Liu XH, Meng WY, Wang ZL, Wang YF, Wang YQ, Cai ZY, Shang LX, Sun Y, Yang HX. Controversies in Screening and Diagnostic Criteria for Gestational Diabetes in Early and Late Pregnancy. This book is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License ( ), which permits use, duplication, adaptation, distribution, and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, a link is provided to the Creative Commons license, and any changes made are indicated. Bookshelf ID: NBK532915 PMID: 30422510 Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2020 Jan-. Stuebe AM, Mantzoros C, Kleinman K, Gillman MW, Rifas-Shiman S, Seely EW, Rich-Edwards J. Obstet Gynecol. 2011 Nov; 118(5):1065-73. Bajaj HS, Ye C, Hanley AJ, Sermer M, Zinman B, Retnakaran R. Diab Vasc Dis Res. 2018 Sep; 15(5):449-457. Roeckner JT, Sanchez-Ramos L, Jijon-Knupp R, Kaunitz AM. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2016 Sep; 215(3):287-97. See reviews. See all. Recent Activity Clear Turn Off Turn On Glucose Tolerance Test - StatPearls Glucose Tolerance Test - StatPearls Your browsing activity is empty. Activity recording is turned off. Turn recording back on See more. All samples must be collected as venous blood (reference ranges are specific for venous samples).
Insulin samples must be frozen immediately upon separation to ensure test viability and validity. It is extremely important to mark each sample with the time point of the draw and the actual time of the draw. The patient should arrive fasting for a minimum of eight hours before the test (unless the patient is undergoing a non-fasting test). If the patient does not arrive fasting, the test should be rescheduled. The test can be performed using multiple phlebotomies draws or by inserting a BC-shielded IV catheter. The fasting sample should be taken and the time point should be notated. The patient should then consume the correct amount of glucose (established by weight, up to 75 grams) over a maximum of a 5-minute period. Additional samples should be taken at 30-minute, 60-minute, 90-minute, and 120-minute time points or per provider orders. If using a BC-shielded IV catheter, the line should be flushed with a saline or heparin solution after each sample is taken to ensure patency of the line. After the 120-minute time point, the test is concluded, and the blood samples should be processed as required and sent to the lab for analysis. The test is used to test for diabetes, insulin resistance, impaired beta cell function, reactive hypoglycemia, acromegaly, and other disorders of carbohydrate metabolism. Enhancing Healthcare Team Outcomes A glucose tolerance test is typically ordered by a medical doctor or advanced nurse practitioner. Interprofessional collaboration is required for the correct administration of the test. A provider's office may administer the test if there are appropriate equipment and staffing. The glucose tolerance test can also be administered at a laboratory. A hospital, although the inpatient side is an atypical site for glucose tolerance tests, may have an outpatient or clinical research department where staff may have additional time set aside to complete the test. Nurses, medical assistants, or phlebotomists may perform the test.
Glucose tests measure the level of glucose in your blood or detect glucose in your urine. This article focuses on: They are absorbed by the digestive tract, move into the blood, and circulate throughout the body. Normally, blood glucose rises slightly after a meal and the hormone insulin is released by the pancreas into the blood in response. The amount of insulin released corresponds to the size and content of the meal. Insulin helps transport glucose into the body's cells, where it is used for energy. As glucose moves into the cells and is broken down (metabolized), the blood glucose level drops and the pancreas responds by decreasing the release of insulin. If the feedback system is disrupted and the glucose level in the blood rises, then the body tries to restore the balance by increasing insulin production. Usually in type 1 diabetes, the cells that produce insulin ( beta cells ) have been destroyed by the person's own immune system. Chronically high blood glucose levels that can occur with untreated or poorly controlled diabetes can cause progressive damage to body organs such as the kidneys, eyes, heart and blood vessels, and nerves. Chronic hypoglycemia can lead to brain and nerve damage. In some cases, there may be no early signs or symptoms of diabetes, so an FBG may be used to screen people at risk of diabetes. Screening can be useful in helping to identify it and allowing for treatment before the condition worsens or complications arise. If the initial screening result is abnormal, the test should be repeated. The repeat result must also be abnormal to confirm a diagnosis of diabetes. Certain other tests (e.g., hemoglobin A1c ) can also be used to confirm diagnosis of diabetes. A random blood glucose may also be used to screen for diabetes. However, if a random glucose result is abnormal, it is typically followed by a fasting blood glucose test or a glucose tolerance test (GTT) to establish the diagnosis.
Test is always performed in the morning due to diurnal variation in glucose metabolism. Patient Preparation: Blood sample drawn at 1 and 2 hours.If serum is used for analysis, it should be separated from the cells as soon as possible and in every case no later than 30-40 minutes. Blood samples will be taken 1, 2, and 3 hours after you have completed this drink. You may drink plain water but no other beverages. Activity can interfere with the results so you will need to remain in the lab for the duration of the test. You may be hungry once the test is finished so you may want to bring along a light snack to eat before leaving or driving home. Your doctor may also use other criteria to make the diagnosis. Note that this is a catalog only—not an ordering system.The patient must be fasting for this test. A fasting glucose specimen will be drawn. Blood is drawn two hours later. Gel) Volume: 4.5 mL Minimum volume: 0.5 mL plasma Collection Instructions: Centrifuge within 1Gel) Volume: 5 mL Minimum volume: 0.5 mL serum Collection Instructions: Allow specimen to clotNo caloric orDo not drink (other thanOutpatient Service Centers. Health Grand Rapids Laboratory does not contain gluten. Place specimen on ice, or centrifuge and separate plasma from cells. After collection of fasting specimen, 75 g of glucose should be given immediately for adult.Diabetes diagnosis requires two abnormal diabetes diagnostic test results The CPT codes provided by GML are. Some people with diabetes may use a continuous glucose monitoring device, which uses a small sensor wire inserted beneath the skin to measure blood glucose at frequent intervals. Sometimes testing may be done at a random time when you have not fasted. For example, glucose testing may be done as part of routine screening during a general health exam. For random, timed, and post-meal glucose tests, follow your health practitioner's instructions.
Available online at Accessed March 2020. Continuous Glucose Monitors (Online information) Available online through Accessed March 2008. National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse, Diagnosis of Diabetes (Online information). PDF available for download at Accessed March 2008. Diabetes Care, Vol 20(7), Pp 1183-97 (1997). Relationship Between Glycohemoglobin (GHB) and Mean Blood Glucose (MBG) in the Diabetes Control and Complications Tiral (DCCT). Diabetes 46 (Sup 1), 8A (1997). Available online through Available online at Available online at Available online through. Available online through Diagnosis of Diabetes. Available online through Available online at Other Diabetes Management Tests, Urine Glucose. Available online through. Available online through Diabetes Care 28:S37-S42, 2005. Available online at Burtis CA, Ashwood ER and Bruns DE, eds. 4th ed. St. Louis, Missouri: Elsevier Saunders; 2006, Pp 860-862. Know your Blood Sugar Numbers. PDF available for download at Accessed May 2011. Glucose Intolerance. Available online at Accessed May 2011. Available online at Accessed May 2011. Blood glucose monitoring. Available online at Accessed May 2011. Managing your blood sugar. Available online at Accessed May 2011. Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Available online at Accessed May 2011. Glucose Monitoring. Available online at Accessed September 2011. Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes—2011. Diabetes Care January 2011 34:S11-S61. Available online at Accessed September 2011. Diabetes Care 2010; 33: 676-82. Diagnosing Diabetes and Learning About Prediabetes. Available online at Accessed October 2014. Available online at Accessed September 2014. Available online at Accessed October 2014. Available online at Accessed October 2014. Glucose Tolerance Testing. Available online at Accessed October 2014. Available online at Accessed October 2014. Home blood sugar testing. Available online at Accessed October 2014. Diabetes Mellitus (DM).
Available online through Accessed October 2014. Annals of Internal Medicine,18 March 2014, Vol 160, No. 6. Available online at Accessed November 2014. Abnormal Glucose and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Adults: Screening. Available online at Accessed November 2014. Your questions will be answered by a laboratory scientist as part of a voluntary service provided by one of our partners, American Society for Clinical Laboratory Science. Please allow 2-3 business days for an email response from one of the volunteers on the Consumer Information Response Team. The Service is provided free of charge by the American Society for Clinical Laboratory Science, which is one of many laboratory organizations that supports Lab Tests Online. Please note that information provided through this free Service is not intended to be medical advice and should not be relied on as such. Although the laboratory provides the largest single source of objective, scientific data on patient status, it is only one part of a complex biological picture of health or disease. As professional clinical laboratory scientists, our goal is to assist you in understanding the purpose of laboratory tests and the general meaning of your laboratory results. It is important that you communicate with your physician so that together you can integrate the pertinent information, such as age, ethnicity, health history, signs and symptoms, laboratory and other procedures (radiology, endoscopy, etc.), to determine your health status. The information provided through this Service is not intended to substitute for such consultations with your physician nor specific medical advice to your health condition. AACC, ASCLS and its Service volunteers disclaim any liability arising out of your use of this Service or for any adverse outcome from your use of the information provided by this Service for any reason, including but not limited to any misunderstanding or misinterpretation of the information provided through this Service.
Glucose monitoring may be done by inserting a glucose test strip into a small instrument called a glucose meter. A drop of blood from a skin prick is placed onto the test strip and the glucose meter provides a digital readout of the blood glucose level. Alternatively, some people may use a continuous glucose monitoring device. Several health organizations, including the ADA, recommend screening when you have risk factors, regardless of age. You may be at risk if you: People with prediabetes may be monitored with annual testing. Your healthcare practitioner may order blood glucose levels periodically in conjunction with other tests such as hemoglobin A1c to monitor glucose control over time. This may depend on several factors, such as: Rather, a blood sample drawn from a vein should be used for diagnostic testing. However, fingerstick samples may be used to monitor your glucose levels if you have been diagnosed with diabetes. However, you may sometimes have your blood drawn for a routine metabolic panel that includes a glucose test (e.g., CMP, BMP ) when you have not fasted for 8 hours. In this case, if the glucose result is above the cutoff level, then additional testing, such as repeating the glucose test after fasting, may be required. Will I need to monitor my glucose levels every day? Not everyone with type 2 diabetes needs to monitor their glucose levels every day, especially if they are able to manage their diabetes and glucose levels with diet and exercise. This may be done using a glucose meter. You would place a drop of blood from a skin prick onto a glucose strip and then insert the strip into the glucose meter, a small machine that provides a digital readout of the blood glucose level. Alternatively, some people may use a continuous glucose monitoring device. By checking your glucose regularly, you can see if the diet and medication schedule you are following is working properly for you.
Screening done as part of your regular physical should be sufficient. By checking your glucose regularly, you can see if the diet and medication schedule you are following is working properly for you. Additional testing is usually done to identify the cause of an abnormal urine glucose result. For more details see the article Body Fluid Testing with links to related articles. Other less common tests, such as islet autoantibodies, insulin, and C-peptide, may sometimes be performed along with these tests to help determine the cause of abnormal glucose levels, to distinguish between type 1 and type 2 diabetes, and to evaluate insulin production. In many cases, however, medications may be necessary to achieve the desired glucose level. With type 1 diabetes (and with type 2 diabetes that does not respond well enough to oral medications), insulin injections several times a day are necessary. See the article on Diabetes for more on treatment. A registered dietician can help you learn how to plan meals and a diabetes educator can help with this as well. People may have symptoms of hypoglycemia without really having low blood sugar. In such cases, dietary changes such as eating frequent small meals and several snacks a day and choosing complex carbohydrates over simple sugars may be enough to ease symptoms. Image credit: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases Image credit: Don Bliss, National Cancer Institute Image credit: Don Bliss, National Cancer Institute Learn More. Please note when you click on the hyperlinked code, you are leaving Lab Tests Online and accessing Loinc.org. Diabetes Care 2020 Jan; 43(Supplement 1): S4-S6. Available online at Accessed March 2020. Available online at Accessed March 2020. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Available online at Accessed March 2020. American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists. Available online at Accessed March 2020. Diabetes: What Tests to Expect.
From developing new therapies that treat and prevent disease to helping people in need, we are committed to improving health and well-being around the world. The Manual was first published in 1899 as a service to the community. The legacy of this great resource continues as the Merck Manual in the US and Canada and the MSD Manual in the remainder of the world. Learn more about our commitment to Global Medical Knowledge. Fasting means that you eat and drink nothing except water for 8-12 hours prior to your test. This includes coffee, tea, juice, alcohol, lemonade. Bay of Plenty specific instructions. View instructions for this test Cytology Urine (Waikato) Examine the urine for the presence of abnormal cells. Waikato specific instructions. View instructions for this test Helicobacter Faeces Examine the faeces for the presence of Helicobacter Pylori bacteria. View instructions for this test Parasite, Culture, and Rotavirus Faeces Examine the faeces to detect the presence of abnormal microbes. View instructions for this test Glucose Tolerance Test (GTT) Investigation for the symptoms of carbohydrate metabolism, such as diabetes. View instructions for this test Helicobacter Pylori Breath Test Examine the breath to determine if Helicobacter Pylori bacterium are present in the stomach. View instructions for this test Mid Stream Urine Examine the urine to check for infection. View instructions for this test Polycose Screen Screening for gestational diabetes. View instructions for this test Seminal Fluid Examination of seminal fluid for fertility or post vasectomy. View instructions for this test Sputum Collection Collection of sputum for laboratory analysis. View instructions for this test Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing (NIPT) MaterniT21 Brochure Sequenca Genetics. In the latter case, pleaseHow are we doing. Europe PMC is part of the ELIXIR infrastructureEurope PMC is a service of theIt includes content provided to the. Please enable scripts and reload this page.
Although it is an imperfect test due to inherent variability observed in individuals over time, longitudinal studies demonstrate that a diabetes diagnosis by OGTT correlates with clinically important CF outcome including the rate of lung function decline over next 4 years, risk of microvascular complications and risk of early death. OGTT should also be performed prior to transplant and pregnancy. (Clinical Care Guidelines for CFRD, Diabetes Care. 2010; 33(12): 2697, J Cystic Fibrosis. 2013; 12: 318). Diagnosis recommendations: During a period of stable baseline health the diagnosis of CFRD can be made in CF patients according to standard ADA criteria. Testing should be done on 2 separate days to rule out laboratory error unless there are unequivocal symptoms of hyperglycemia (polyuria and polydipsia). Positive fasting plasma glucose (FPG) or HbA1C can be used as a confirmatory test, but if FPG is normal the OGTT should be performed.Patient should consume a minimum of 150 g of carbohydrate daily for the preceding 3 days. Fasting for a minimum of 8 hours not exceeding 12 hours before the test is required. Water is permitted during this fasting period. Patients should also be advised to discontinue, whenever possible, all nonessential medication that can affect glucose metabolism at least three days before testing. After consuming the glucose load the patient will be directed not to smoke, chew gum, eat and consume caffeine-containing beverages and have minimal activity during the testing phase. Patient will be permitted to drink small sips of water. Note: The patient will be advised by the phlebotomist that if any adverse symptoms develop (i.e. nausea, headache, dizziness or vomiting) the patient should report immediately back to the laboratory. At that point it will be determined if testing will continue or if medical attention is needed. Draw a fasting blood sample before administering glucose load dose.
Administer oral glucose load and draw blood after 1 and 2 hours. Separate serum or plasma from cells within 30 minutes of venipuncture. Refrigerate if specimen are collected in tube other than gray top. Glucose concentration decreases ex vivo in whole blood because of glycolysis by approximately 5 to 7% per hour but varies with glucose concentration, temperature, white blood cell count and other factors. Nothing to eat or drink from the time of the drink until the time the post consumption (PC) blood is drawn. PC glucose level must be drawn EXACTLY 1 HOUR AFTER FINISHING THE DRINK. Take your normal exercise for the 3 days prior to your test but avoid vigorous exercise in the 12 hours immediately prior to the test. During this time you will be required to rest. You may like to bring a book to read. This ensures the accuracy of your test results. You may drink water only until just before your test, but not during your test. You will then be given a drink containing 75g of glucose. You will be asked to drink this over a period of no more than 5 minutes. It is performed in the majority of our Collection Centres. Where possible, an appointment should be made at a collection centre with an internal toilet as you are required to remain in the centre for minimum of 2 hours. GTT’s must commence prior to 10am, unless confirmed with a pathologist prior to the collection. General guidelines Before taking this test, you MUST fast i.e. not eat or drink anything except water for 8-16 hours before your blood test (12 hours optimal. On the day before your test, eat your normal evening meal, then DO NOT eat or drink anything (except water) after midnight. Continue fasting on the morning of your test (you may drink water, but no more than 2 glasses). It is recommended that you adhere to your current diet in the days prior to testing. If you are on a low carbohydrate diet it is best for you to discuss the impact of your diet with your medical practitioner.
For 8 hours before, and during, the test, avoid smoking and heavy exercise. Medication guidelines Continue any medications you take on a regular basis. However, please inform the collection staff if you are taking any cortisone type medications (e.g. Prednisone) on the morning of your test. Please inform the collector if you are on a temporary course of medication. Some medications can affect the test results and the collector may advise you to postpone your test or seek your doctor’s advice. Postpone your test if you have Eaten in the 8 hours before the test, or fasted for more than 16 hours. Recently experienced a period of acute illness or prolonged bed-rest. (In this case, postpone your test for 2 weeks.) Suddenly developed a cold, the flu, or gastroenteritis.
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Features of the GLUI User Interface Library include: It therefore looks the same on. PCs,Mesa's.You can access it here GLUI is licensed under LGPL Here's some guides and references to 3D graphics programming using OpenGL. GLUI Library, now under the ZLIB license. John Kew, Orion Sky Lawlor and all other developers. Durat. This makes it so GLUI doesn't suck up 100% of your CPU timeThis is on byNow non-deprecated executables are up toI myself was bitten a few times passing. It is still possible to use a char buffer, but it is not recommended. If you used sprintf(mystr,.) to set the value, now doThe bindingsNow instead of calling The benefit ofPreviously GLUI had to both know about all the controls, and knowNow the responsibility for initializationNote this only works with the newThis versionThere couldI changed everywherePaul's web page says that GLUI is LGPL, but that wasn't declared inLGPL notice. I have some X-WinThese are demonstrated in example6.cpp. Reload to refresh your session. Reload to refresh your session. I hope you find these useful.It is recommended you go there if you want the latest and greatest GLUI. It is window-system independent, relying on GLUT to handle all system-dependent issues, such as window and mouse management. Features of the GLUI User Interface Library include: If you'd like to know more about it the basics of GLUI, I recommend going there.But to save you the trouble, you can read the readme below.However, you may visitThanks, Paul, for making this very handy, quick-n-dirty UI toolkit. It has provided the interface for many little demo apps I made throughout And the rollouts rock. I justGLUI is licensed under LGPL. It can run on any machine where. OpenGL is available (i.e. just about anywhere) and it's free. It's easyA separate window has controls to make theMost of the code (shown in full later)If used elsewhere in the code, the changes made via the interface will have an instant effect elsewhere.
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GLUI gives us more flexibility by allowing us to add GUI components to interact with our OpenGL objects, such as buttons, check boxes, radio buttons, spinners, list boxes, lists, trees, file browsers, text fields, text areas, and the special controls: rotation and translation. To run the executable, you have to download the glut32.dll and copy it into your system folder.Add the source file to the project using the menu option Project\Add To Project\Files. The proper order in which to add libraries is: GLUI, GLUT, GLU, OpenGL. This is not necessary To use it in your new application, you can simply rename the CPP file and add it to your Visual Studio project. Thus, we will start with the GLUT Window Template and apply changes to it until we create our GLUI Window Template. An idle state is a state where no system events are received for processing as callbacks. The glutIdleFunc sets the idle callback function, which is continuously called as long as there are no events received. This means that we should minimize the amount of computation and rendering in the idle function to have a more interactive application. Passing NULL to glutIdleFunc disables the generation of the idle callback. The reason for this is that GLUI makes extensive use of idle events. Logically, it does so in order to keep refreshing the GLUI controls and to listen to user's interactions with them. Otherwise, the redisplay may be accidentally sent to the GLUI window rather than the GLUT window. The reason for this is that the GLUI window with all the controls inside it are being refreshed continuously. In order to avoid having a 100% CPU usage whenever we run a GLUI window, we need to call the Windows system function, Sleep, which would help us avoid continuously calling the idle function.No flags are defined in the current version x, y Initial location of window.
Note that no initial size can be specified, because GLUI automatically resizes Windows to fit all controls If they are not specified, default values will be used. GLUI provides default values for arguments whenever possible. The function returns a pointer to a new GLUI window. Below is the prototype and description of each of these functions, as shown in the GLUI manual. No controls are active when a GLUI window is disabled hide void GLUI::hide( void ); Hides a GLUI window or subwindow.Live variables are simply C variables that are automatically updated when the user interacts with a GLUI control.If the value of draw was 1, then the Draw checkbox would have appeared as checked. Let's say that after the program loads, the user clicks on the checkbox to make it checked as follows: Doing this will not affect the control, and thus the control and the live variable will become un-synchronized. We can avoid that by directly using the set method(s) of the control: When a control is first created, the user may optionally specify the callback function that will be called whenever the control's value changes, along with an integer ID to identify the calling control. This would mean that multiple controls may call the same callback function, and still be identified through their different ID s passed to the function. For example, we can create a checkbox using any of the following two functions: Here is the list of those methods, copied from the GLUI manual: Refer to the individual control descriptions below to see which values can be read and set for each control. A disabled control cannot be activated or used. Disabling a radio group disables all radio buttons within it, and disabling a panel disables all controls within it (including other panels). Enabling behaves similarly.Below is the list of GLUI function prototypes for every control. For more details about each of the following functions, please check the GLUI manual.
This is done by placing the following code segment in the display function: This is done by placing the following code segment in the display function: Based on the item selected, the color array will be filled with the appropriate RGB components.In order to reflect the changes in the color of the object, the following code fragment is placed in the display function before the object is drawn: A rollout is a collapsible panel. A radio group is a collection of related radio buttons. Radio buttons are used to handle mutually exclusive options, and have no meaning if they are not added to a radio group. Radio buttons are assigned a number in the order in which they are added to the group, beginning with zero.Then, the wireframe live variable would be 1 since the checkbox is checked. Thus, the selected object would be calculated as follows: This panel is without a label and is used to hold together the translation controls.The translation control allows the user to change the X, Y, or Z position of objects drawn on the window. The rate of change of translation can be varied by holding down SHIFT for fast movement (100 times faster), or CTRL for slow movement (100 times slower). The four types of translation controls are shown below. When using the XY control, movement can be restricted to a single axis (either X or Y) by holding down ALT and clicking on either the horizontal or the vertical arrows. The second parameter is the name of the translation control. The fourth parameter is the live variable used to track the x, y, or z coordinates being changed. The fifth parameter represents the ID of the control as it gets passed to the callback function, which is specified in the sixth parameter. This is done using the glTranslate OpenGL function as follows: This is done as follows: The spinner is added to transformation panel 2, and it is named Scale. The live variable could be a float or int data type, based on the selected data type of the control.
Does anybody have an idea of why that may happen.Do you want to close the window without exiting the app. If you just want to quit all, run exit(0) -- Ali B If I don't close the old one, and just hide it, the new subwindow is created with an offset to the edge of the window. Ronen. Is this a wrong approach.It seems you can unlink using glu::unlink() and then you can destroy the window using glutDestroyWindow(int). After pressing the window close button (X), the window closes, but the application doesn't terminate and still runs in background. I'm using Windows Xp, VS 2008. And, I want to know, there is a GLUI with a menu.Best Regards, Ali B, I have updated the links and re-uploaded the zip file. I will let you know once the article gets updated on CodeProject. Best Regards, Ali B, You may now download them and try. Enjoy! Best Regards, Ali B, To run the executable, you have to download the glut32.dll and copy it into your system folder. Tell me if you need more help. Best Regards, Ali B. This way you will get introduced to the graphics library. OpenGL and also to the new user interface library GLUI.Now you have to add a solidYour program should compile and run on the. Taylor or Painter basement machines.Setup link from the course home page.To download theYou will see a cone and a GUI. Play around withGLUI library to make the graphical user interface. Try to understand how. Refer this GLUINext try toExpand the user interface to allow all the required flexibility for drawingHow much is this convenient for the user as comparedHow will you construct a cone in OpenGL without using this function?In addition, ifYou have to turnin to:If you want to use GLUI on any other machine, then you need to generateFor doing this, download version 2.1 fromRead its readme.txt file. YouThis makefile. You may also play around with the example programs which it generates (someFor the Dell Linux machines, all these things.
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